Thursday, September 27, 2012

US Election: Right Questions Starting to be Asked

Tony Bruni, NY Times Columnist
In the article below, Frank Bruni shifts the focus away from Romney as a candidate. Instead, he looks at the idea of Romney as a symptom of what is wrong with the federal electoral system. He sums up the issue of Romney’s failings: “How did someone so politically maladroit — a cardboard cutout crossed with an Etch A Sketch — get this far?”

This is a very worthy question, but not just in the case of Romney, and not just for the Republicans but for all parties. A systemic failure to produce actual top-notch candidates has ominous implications for everyone involved in the political process.

Culturally, we are taught that only the best people get to the top. Supposedly, they would not have managed to do so unless they possessed all of the knowledge, skills, and abilities that are required. In other words, these successful people have “paid their dues”. Therefore, who are we to think otherwise?

Bruni counters this argument. He asserts that, in the case of a brutal and merciless political campaign, that there is actually a serious perverse outcome. Specifically, the participants only become more sour as the atmosphere gets more befouled. The idea of realizing the candidate’s purification and endurance through the trial is not really achieved, as we might hope.

Bruni lists several reasons for the “befouled atmosphere”. He mentions gruelling campaign schedules marked by repetition and tedium that only a narcissist could enjoy. Then, there is the non-stop fundraising. There is also never-ending media attention which is only escalating with the help of social media. There is also no more privacy due to omnipresent cameras and smartphones. And there is the daily “vivisection” coming from campaign strategists and pundits about what the candidate should do and say (or what not to do and say).

All of this pressure creates candidates who have to surrender their authentic selves, and even their own joy. The people who would be great candidates may be discouraged from even entering the race in the first place.

The FDA believes that this process as described by Bruni has the potential to threaten the idea of real choice on Election Day. However, political campaigns have never been easy, yet there have been presidents from both parties that certainly stand out in the public memory as “great presidents”. Such presidents include Lincoln, FDR, Eisenhower, and Kennedy. Would these presidents survive the pressures of a modern-day campaign? If not, then there is something definitely wrong with the process that needs to be addressed.

Another issue in the current federal electoral system is the fact that only two presidential candidates have a viable chance of getting elected to the most important position in American. This narrow choice may be linked to the poor quality of the presidential candidates. Viz., broader choice of candidates who have a realistic chance of winning will increase the probability of a quality candidate emerging. Based on its 2012 audit of the US federal electoral system, the FDA identified the American electoral finance and media laws as the sources of the American two-party system, whereby candidates from the large, established Republican and Democrat political parties have an overwhelming and unfair advantage over other candidates in electoral finance and media coverage.


Mitt's Mortification By Frank Bruni (NY Time Columnists)

That bloodied appendage? The one riddled with holes?

It belongs to Mitt Romney, and we now know that his onetime support for gun control was all that was keeping him from shooting himself in the foot.

Throughout this campaign, he has misfired so repeatedly and phantasmagorically that his wounds make those visited upon Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway at the end of “Bonnie and Clyde” look like paper cuts.

But that’s been noted, and there’s a bigger discussion beyond it. How did someone so politically maladroit — a cardboard cutout crossed with an Etch A Sketch — get this far?

We need to remind ourselves that the alternatives were Newt Gingrich, Rick Santorum, Herman Cain, Michele Bachmann. And we need to ask whether we now have an electoral process so vacuous, vicious and just plain silly that most people in their right minds wouldn’t go anywhere near it.

It chews up candidates and their families, spits them out and cackles with hyperpartisan glee all the while. Yes, those candidates volunteer for it, but still. The process doesn’t necessarily serve some wondrous purpose of culling the herd and toughening the survivors, as the people invested in it — including those of us in the news media — often like to argue. Maybe it just sours them, befouls the atmosphere in which they operate and encourages voters to tune out.

It encourages would-be candidates, watching from the edge of the battlefield, not to step onto it. Mitch Daniels took a pass. So did Jeb Bush. It’s not certain that either of them, in the final analysis, would have been better than Romney. But it’s beyond doubt that the strafing they and their families would have received, along with the compromises they would have been pressured to make, influenced their decisions.

To what bliss can the person who chooses to run look forward? Relentless tedium, for starters. A candidate typically repeats the same 10 to 25 minutes of remarks at least three times a day in at least two time zones a week for at least 10 months on end, if you count the primaries. To embrace that, he or she has to be a narcissist, an automaton, an ideologue or an idealist of the very highest order. And I don’t think the idealists are exactly overrepresented these days.

A candidate must be craven about asking for money and do it round the clock, because at this point so much of it is required that for all Romney’s sterling connections and platinum panhandling, he’s still apparently coming up short. That may be the scariest story of the season.

Due to the differences between a primary and general-election campaign, a candidate must be willing to waffle, and if he or she gets too accustomed to that, it can lead to moments as mortifying as one on the most recent “60 Minutes.”

Scott Pelley, pressing Romney on which tax loopholes he’d close: “The devil’s in the details.”

Romney, refusing to provide any: “The devil’s in the details. The angel is in the policy.”

The hell has no end. The 140-character limit of Twitter, the acceleration of the news cycle and the proliferation of proudly biased newscasts have intensified the patrol for gaffes, heightened the hunger for tiffs and tidbits, ratcheted up the invasiveness.

Over recent days I stumbled upon a headline about Romney’s “enlarged prostate” and, separately, a tasteless examination of the contracts that one of his sons had with a gestational surrogate.

There was also chatter about the orange hue of either his tan or his makeup, though I admit to my own ignoble fascination with this. Halloween’s on the horizon. Is Romney pandering for the pumpkin vote?

The zone of privacy around a candidate has vanished, thanks to prying smartphones — poised, yes, to capture important tells, but poised as well to document meaningless ones.

From strategists and pundits comes a daily vivisection: smirk less, laugh more, fewer neckties, tighter pants. Bit by inevitable bit, a candidate surrenders all spontaneity, along with some of his or her authentic self and a certain measure of joy.

President Obama was also on “60 Minutes,” and what I saw as he answered questions about his record wasn’t the audacity of hope. It was the annoyance of being put through these paces and being second-guessed.

Romney’s bleeding has plenty to do with his intrinsic shortcomings and his shortsightedness: how does a man who has harbored presidential ambitions almost since he was a zygote create a paper trail of offshore accounts and tax returns like his?

But I wonder if we’re not seeing the worst possible version of him, and if it isn’t the ugly flower of the process itself. I wonder, too, what the politicians mulling 2016 make of it, and whether, God help us, we’ll be looking at an even worse crop of candidates then.


Question for Readers:

Do you think having only two American presidential candidates to choose from (and who have realistic chance of winning) is in the best interests of all Americans?

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